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Fundamental Exercises (Part A) in Taekwon-Do: A list of 149 exercises

Fundamental Exercises (Part A) in Taekwon-Do: A list of 149 exercises

 

Gen. Choi presents a total of 367 fundamental exercises:
– Fundamental Exercises (A): 149 exercises in Vol.6, pp.17-383
– Fundamental Exercises (B): 218 exercises in Vol.7, pp.17-379

To attain perfection, each fundamental exercise has to be constantly repeated along with maintaining the correct stance at all times.

Expert guidance is invaluable, since “Certainly the most important asset any training hall can have is a good instructor. There is no substitute for well-trained, intelligent, perceptive and patient instructor.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.6, p.17)

Fundamental Exercises  (A): 149 exercises

All fundamental exercises are referenced with respect to the following directions:

“The sequence of fundamental exercises described here is neither absolute nor inflexible. It is however, a sequence found to be most beneficial for the student, especially beginners.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.6, p.17)

1. Parallel Stance Punch (Narani So Jirugi)
2. Close Stance Punch (Moa So Jirugi)
3. Sitting Stance Punch (Annun So Jirugi)
4. Walking Stance Spot Obverse Punch (Gunnun So Gujari Baro Jirugi)
5. Walking Stance Forearm Spot Low Obverse Block (Gunnun So Palmok Gujari Najunde Baro Makgi)
6. Walking Stance Knife-Hand Spot Low Obverse Block (Gunnun So Sonkal Gujari Najunde Baro Makgi)
7. Walking Stance Stepping Obverse Punch (Gunnun So Omkyo Didimyo Baro Jirugi)
—a. Forward Stepping Punch (Jillo Nagagi)
—b. Backward Stepping Punch (Jillo Duruogi)
—c. Spot Turning (Gujari Dolgi)
8. Walking Stance Spot Reverse Punch (Gunnun So Gujari Bandae Jirugi)
9. Walking Stance Stepping Forearm Low Obverse Block (Gunnun So Nagamyo Palmok Najunde Baro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block (Maga Nagagi)
—b. Backward Stepping Block (Maga Duruogi)
—c. Backward Step-Turning (Dwiro Omgyo Didimyo Dolgi)
10. Walking Stance Knife-Hand Low Obverse Block (Gunnun So Omgyo Didimyo Sonkal Najunde Baro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Spot-Turning
11. Walking Stance Inner Forearm Obverse Side Block (Gunnun So Anpalmok Baro Yop Makgi)
—a. Spot Block
—b. Forward Stepping Block
—c. Backward Stepping Block
—d. Spot-Turning
12. Front Rising Kick (Apcha Olligi)
—a. Spot Kick (Gujari Chagi)
—b. Forward Stepping Kick (Apcha Ollimyo Nagagi)
—c. Backward Stepping Kick (Apcha Ollimyo Duruogi)
—d. Spot-Turning
13. Walking Stance Reverse Knife-Hand Obverse Side Block (Gunnun So Sonkal Dung Baro Yop Makgi)
14. Sitting Stance Side Rising Kick (Annun So Yopcha Olligi)
—1. Double Stepping Kick
——a. Toward B (B-Bang)
——b. Toward A (A-Bang)
——c. Toward D (D-Bang)
—2. Single Stepping Side Rising Kick
——a. Toward B
——b. Toward A
——c. Toward C (C-Bang)
——d. Forward Stepping Kick
——e. Backward Stepping Kick
——f. Backward Step-Turning
15. Diagonal Stance Side Rising Kick (Sasun So Yopcha Olligi)
—1. Double Stepping Side Rising Kick
——a. Toward B
——b. Toward A
——c. Toward D
——d. Toward C
16. L-Stance Inner Forearm Outward Block (Niunja So Anpalmok Bakuro Makgi)
—a. Spot Block
—b. Forward Stepping Block
—c. Backward Stepping Block
—d. Spot-Turning
17. L-Stance Reverse Knife-Hand Outward Block (Niunja So Sonkal Dung Bakuro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
18. L-Stance Back-Hand Outward Block (Niunja So Sondung Bakuro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Spot-Turning
19. Front Snap Kick (Apcha Busigi)
—a. Forward Stepping Kick
—b. Backward Stepping Kick
—c. Forward Step-Turning
20. Side Front Snap Kick (Yop Apcha Busigi)
—a. Forward Stepping Kick
—b. Backward Stepping Kick
21. L-Stance Knife-Hand Guarding Block (Niunja So Sonkal Daebi Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Spot-Turning
22. L-Stance Reverse Punch (Niunja So Bandae Jirugi)
—a. Forward Stepping Punch
—b. Backward Stepping Punch
23. L-Stance Forearm Guarding Block (Niunja So Palmok Daebi Makgi)
—a. Spot Block
—b. Forward Stepping Block
—c. Backward Stepping Block
—d. Spot-Turning
24. Rear Foot Stance Forearm Guarding Block (Dwitbal So Palmok Daebi Makgi)
—a. Spot Block
—b. Forward Stepping Block
25. Side Piercing Kick (Yopcha Jirugi)
—a. Spot Kick
——1. Double Stepping Kick
———a. Toward A
———b. Toward B
———c. Toward D
———d. Forward Stepping Kick
———e. Backward Stepping Kick
——2. Single Stepping Kick
———a. Toward D
———b. Toward C
26. Walking Stance Straight Fingertip Obverse Thrust (Gunnun So Sunsonkut Baro Tulgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Thrust
—b. Backward Stepping Thrust
27. Sitting Stance Knife-Hand Side Strike (Annun So Sonkal Yop Taerigi)
—1. Single Stepping Strike
——a. Toward A
——b. Toward B
—2. Double Stepping Strike
——a. Toward A
——b. Toward B
——c. Toward D
——d. Backward Step-Turning
28. Walking Stance Knife-Hand Reverse Front Downward Strike (Gunnun So Sonkal Bandae Ap Naeryo Taerigi)
—a. Forward Stepping Strike
—b. Backward Stepping Strike
—c. Spot-Turning
29. Walking Stance Palm Obverse Hooking Block (Gunnun So Sonbadak Baro Golcho Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
30. Walking Stance Palm Reverse Hooking Block (Gunnun So Sonbadak Bandae Golcho Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Forward Step-Turning
31. Walking Stance Inner Forearm Circular Block (Gunnun So Anpalmok Dollimyo Makgi)
—a. Spot Block
—b. Forward Stepping Block
—c. Backward Stepping Block
—d. Backward Step-Turning
32. Walking Stance Double Forearm Obverse Block (Gunnun So Doo Palmok Baro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
33. L-Stance Twin Forearm Block (Niunja So Sang Palmok Makgi)
—a. Spot Block
—b. Forward Stepping Block
—c. Backward Stepping Block
—d. Spot-Turning
34. Rear Foot Stance Twin Forearm Block (Dwitbal So Sang Palmok Makgi)
—a. Spot Block
—b. Forward Stepping Block
35. L-Stance Twin Knife-Hand Block (Niunja So Sang Sonkal Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
36. Rear Foot Stance Twin Knife-Hand Block (Dwitbal So Sang Sonkal Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
37. L-Stance Knife-Hand Outward Strike (Niunja So Sonkal Bakuro Taerigi)
—a. Spot Strike
—b. Forward Stepping Strike
—c. Backward Stepping Strike
—d. Backward Step-Turning
38. Rear Foot Stance Knife-Hand Outward Strike (Dwitbal So Sonkal Bakuro Taerigi)
—a. Forward Stepping Strike
—b. Backward Stepping Strike
—c. Forward Step-Turning
39. Walking Stance Outer Forearm Obverse Side Block (Gunnun So Bakat Palmok Baro Yop Makgi)
—a. Spot Block
—b. Forward Stepping Block
—c. Backward Stepping Block
—d. Forward Step-Turning
40. Walking Stance Knife-Hand Obverse Side Block (Gunnun So Sonkal Baro Yop Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
41. Walking Stance Reverse Punch (Gunnun So Bandae Jirugi)
—a. Forward Stepping Punch
—b. Backward Stepping Punch
42. Walking Stance Forearm Obverse Rising Block (Gunnum So Palmok Baro Chookyo Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Backward Step-Turning
43. Walking Stance Forearm Low Reverse Block (Gunnun So Palmok Najunde Bandae Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Spot-Turning
44. Walking Stance Knife-Hand Low Reverse Block (Gunnun So Sonkal Najunde Bandae Makgi)
45. Turning Kick (Dollyo Chagi)
—a. Forward Stepping Kick
—b. Backward Step-Turning
46. Walking Stance Front Elbow Strike (Gunnun So Ap Palkup Taerigi)
—a. Forward Stepping Strike
—b. Backward Stepping Strike
—c. Backward Step-Turning
47. Rear Foot Stance Palm Upward Block (Dwitbal So Sonbadak Ollyo Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Backward Step-Turning
48. L-Stance Palm Upward Block (Niunja So Sonbadak Ollyo Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
49. Walking Stance Upper Elbow Strike (Gunnun So Wipalkup Taerigi)
—a. Forward Stepping Strike
—b. Backward Stepping Strike
—c. Forward Step-Turning
50. Back Piercing Kick (Dwit Cha Jirugi)
—a. Toward B
—b. Toward D
51. Walking Stance Back Fist Obverse Side Strike (Gunnun So Dung Joomuk Baro Yop Taerigi)
—a. Forward Stepping Strike
—b. Backward Stepping Strike
—c. Forward Step-Turning
52. Walking Stance Outer Forearm Wedging Block (Gunnun So Bakat Palmok Hecho Makgi)
—a. Spot Block
—b. Forward Stepping Block
—c. Backward Stepping Block
—d. Backward Step-Turning
53. Walking Stance Knife-Hand Wedging Block (Gunnun So Sonkal Hecho Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
54. Walking Stance Knife-Hand Obverse Rising Block (Gunnun So Sonkal Baro Chookyo Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Spot-Turning
55. Walking Stance Upset Fingertip Low Thrust (Gunnun So Dwijibun Sonkut Najunde Tulgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Thrust
—b. Backward Stepping Thrust
—c. Forward Double Step-Turning
56. X-Stance Back Fist Side Strike (Kyocha So Dung Joomuk Yop Taerigi)
—a. Spot Jumping Strike
—b. Forward Jumping Strike
57. Low Stance Palm Reverse Pressing Block (Nachuo So Sonbadak Bandae Noollo Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Step-Turning
58. Close Stance Back Fist Side Back Strike (Moa So Dung Joomuk Yopdwi Taerigi)
—a. Spot Strike
59. Walking Stance-X-Fist Pressing Block (Gunnun So Kyocha Joomuk Noollo Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
60. Close Stance Twin Elbow Horizontal Thrust (Niunja So Sang Palkup Soopyong Tulgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Thrust
—b. Backward Stepping Thrust
61. Walking Stance Upset Punch (Gunnun So Dwijibo Jirugi)
—a. Forward Stepping Punch
—b. Backward Stepping Punch
62. Walking Stance Twin Fist Upset Punch (Gunnun So Sang Joomuk Dwijibo Jirugi)
—a. Spot Punch
63. Walking Stance Twin Fist High Vertical Punch (Gunnun So Sang Joomuk Nopunde Sewo Jirugi)
—a. Forward Stepping Punch
—b. Backward Stepping Punch
—c. Backward Double Step-Turning
64. Upward Kick (Ollyo Chagi)
—a. Forward Stepping Kick
—b. Spot-Turning
65. Sitting Stance Outer Forearm W-shape Block (Annun So Bakkat Palmok San Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Step-Turning
66. Sitting Stance Knife-Hand W-Shape Block (Annun So Sonkal San Makgi)
67. Reverse Turning Kick (Bandae Dollyo Chagi)
—a. Forward Stepping Kick
—b. Backward Stepping Kick
68. Close Stance Inner Forearm Side Front Block (Moa So Anpalmok Yobap Makgi)
—a. Toward B
—b. Toward A
—c. Toward D
69. L-Stance Obverse Punch (Niunja So Baro Jirugi)
—a. Forward Stepping Punch
—b. Backward Stepping Punch
—c. Backward Step-Turning
70. X-Stance X-Fist Pressing Block (Kyocha So Kyocha Joomuk Noollo Makgi)
—a. Forward Jumping Block
71. L-Stance Knife-Hand Low Guarding Block (Niunja So Sonkal Najunde Daebi Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
72. L-Stance Flat Fingertip Reverse Thrust (Niunja So Opun Sonkut Bandae Tulgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Thrust
—b. Backward Stepping Thrust
73. Rear Foot Stance Knife-Hand Guarding Block (Dwitbal So Sonkal Daebi Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Forward Step-Turning
74. Walking Stance Knife-Hand Reverse Rising Block (Gunnun So Sonkal Bandae Chookyo Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Forward Double Step-Turning
75. Rear Foot Stance Reverse Punch (Twitbal So Bandae Jirugi)
—a. Forward Stepping Punch
—b. Forward Double Step-Turning
76. Walking Stance Forearm Reverse Rising Block (Gunnun So Palmok Bandae Chookyo Makgi)
77. Walking Stance Back Fist Reverse Side Strike (Gunnun So Dung Joomuk Bandae Yop Taerigi)
—a. Forward Stepping Strike
—b. Backward Stepping Strike
—c. Forward Step-Turning
78. L-Stance Back Fist Side Strike (Niunja So Dung Joomuk Yop Taerigi)
—a. Spot Strike
—b. Forward Stepping Strike
—c. Forward Step-Turning
79. Rear Foot Stance Back Fist Side Strike (Dwitbal So Dung Joomuk Yop Taerigi)
80. Fixed Stance Back Fist Side Strike (Gojung So Dung Joomuk Yop Taerigi)
81. L-Stance Back Fist Horizontal Strike (Niunja So Dung Joomuk Soopyong Taerigi)
—a. Forward Stepping Strike
—b. Backward Stepping Strike
—c. Backward Double Step-Turning
82. Fixed Stance Back Fist Horizontal Strike (Gojung So Dung Joomuk Soopyong Taerigi)
83. L-Stance Outer Forearm Outward Block (Niunja So Bakkat Palmok Bakuro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Forward Step-Turning
84. L-Stance Knife-Hand Outward Block (Niunja So Sonkal Bakuro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
85. Rear Foot Stance Knife-Hand Outward Block (Dwitbal So Sonkal Bakuro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Backward Double Step-Turning
86. Rear Foot Stance Outer Forearm Outward Block (Dwitbal So Bakkat Palmok Bakuro Makgi)
87. Fixed Stance Punch (Gojung So Jirugi)
—Forward Sliding Punch
—Backward Step-Turning
88. Fixed Stance Flat Fingertip Thrust (Gojung So Opun Sonkut Tulgi)
89. L-Stance Knife-Hand Inward Strike (Niunja So Sonkal Anuro Taerigi)
—a. Spot Strike
—b. Forward Stepping Strike
—c. Forward Step-Turning
90. Rear Foot Stance Knife-Hand Inward Strike (Dwitbal So Sonkal Anuro Taerigi)
—a. Forward Stepping Strike
—b. Backward Double Step-Turning
91. L-Stance Forearm Inward Block (Niunja So Palmok Anuro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Backward Double Step-Turning
92. L-Stance Knife-Hand Inward Block (Niunja So Sonkal Anuro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Forward Step-Turning
93. Flying Side Piercing Kick (Twimyo Yopcha Jirugi)
94. Parallel Stance Angle Punch (Narani So Giokja Jirugi)
—a. Forward Stepping Punch
—b. Backward Stepping Punch
95. Sitting Stance Palm Pushing Block (Annun So Sonbadak Miro Makgi)
—a. Spot Block
—b. Forward Stepping Block
96. Parallel Stance Palm Pushing Block (Narani So Sonbadak Miro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
97. Vertical Stance Knife-Hand Downward Strike (Soojik So Sonkal Naeryo Taerigi)
—a. Spot Strike
—b. Forward Stepping Strike
98. Rear Foot Stance Knife-Hand Downward Strike (Dwitbal So Sonkal Naeryo Taerigi)
—a. Forward Stepping Strike
—b. Backward Stepping Strike
99. L-Stance Side Elbow Thrust (Niunja So Yop Palkup Tulgi)
—a. Sliding Thrust Toward D
—b. Backward Sliding Thrust
100. Rear Foot Stance Side Elbow Thrust (Dwitbal So Yop Palkup Tulgi)
—a. Stepping Thrust Toward D
—b. Backward Stepping Thrust
101. Walking Stance Downward Punch (Gunnun So Naeryo Jirugi)
—a. Forward Stepping Punch
—b. Forward Double Step-Turning
102. L-Stance Upward Punch (Niunja So Ollyo Jirugi)
—a. Forward Stepping Punch
—b. Backward Stepping Punch
—c. Backward Double Step-Turning
103. Fixed Stance Upward Punch (Gojung So Ollyo Jirugi)
—a. Forward Sliding Punch
104. Rear Foot Stance Upward Punch (Dwitbal So Ollyo Jirugi)
—a. Forward Stepping Punch
105. Reverse Hooking Kick (Bandae Dollyo Goro Chagi)
—a. Forward Stepping Kick
—b. Backward Stepping Kick
106. L-Stance Forearm Low Reverse Block (Niunja So Palmok Najunde Bandae Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
107. Rear Foot Stance Forearm Low Reverse Block (Dwitbal So Palmok Najunde Bandae Makgi)
108. L-Stance Double Forearm Low Pushing Block (Niunja So Palmok Najunde Miro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Backward Double Step-Turning
109. Rear Foot Stance Double Forearm Low Pushing Block (Dwitbal So Doo Palmok Najunde Miro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
110. Fixed Stance U-Shape Block (Gojung So Mongdung-i Makgi)
—a. Spot Block
—b. Forward Stepping Block
111. Sitting Stance Back Fist High Side Strike (Annun So Dung Joomuk Nopunde Yop Taerigi)
—a. Side Stepping Strike Toward A
—b. Side Stepping Strike Toward B
—c. Forward Stepping Strike
112. Sitting Stance Forearm Front Block (Annun So Palmok Ap Makgi)
—a. Spot Block
—b. Forward Stepping Block
—c. Side Step-Turning
113. Sitting Stance Knife-Hand Front Block (Annun So Sonkal Ap Makgi)
—a. Side Double Stepping Block Toward B
—b. Side Double Stepping Block Toward A
114. L-Stance X-Knife-Hand Checking Block (Niunja So Kyocha Sonkal Momchau Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Step-Turning
115. Walking Stance Forearm Obverse Front Block (Gunnun So Palmok Baro Ap Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Double Step-Turning
116. Rear Foot Stance X-Knife-Hand Checking Block (Dwitbal So Kyocha Sonkal Momchau Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
117. Walking Stance Twin Palm Upward Block (Gunnun So Sang Sonbadak Ollyo Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
118. Walking Stance Double Stepping (Gunnun So Ibo Omgyo Didigi)
—a. Forward Double Stepping
—b. Backward Double Stepping
119. L-Stance Double Stepping (Niunja So Ibo Omgyo Didigi)
—a. Forward Double Stepping
—b. Backward Double Stepping
120. Sitting Stance Horizontal Punch (Annun So Soopyong Jirugi)
—a. Side Stepping Punch Toward A
—b. Side Stepping Punch Toward B
—c. Side Step-Turning
121. Close Stance Twin Palm Low Front Block (Moa So Sang Sonbadak Najunde Ap Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
122. X-Stance Outer Forearm Low Front Block (Kyocha So Bakkat Palmok Najunde Ap Makgi)
—a. Side Stepping Block Toward B
—b. Side Stepping Block Toward A
123. Outward Pressing Kick (Bakuro Noollo Chagi)
—a. Spot Kick
124. Sitting Stance Forefist Pressing Block (Annun So Ap Joomuk Noolo Makgi)
—a. Side Stepping Block Toward B
—b. Side Stepping Block Toward A
125. Sitting Stance Back Elbow Thrust (Annun So Dwipalkup Tulgi)
—a. Side Stepping Thrust Toward A
—b. Side Stepping Thrust Toward B
—c. Side Step-Turning
126. Parallel Stance Back Elbow Thrust (Narani So Dwipalkup Tulgi)
127. L-Stance U-Shape Grasp (Niuja So Mongdung-i Japgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Grasp
—b. Forward Double Step-Turning
128. Low Twisting Kick (Najunde Bituro Chagi)
—a. Forward Stepping Kick
—b. Forward Step-Turning
129. Walking Stance Double Arc-Hand Block (Gunnun So Doo Bandal son Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
—c. Forward Double Step-Turning
130. Low Stance Flat Fingertip High Obverse Thrust (Nachuo So Opun Sonkut Nopunde Baro Tulgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Thrust
—b. Forward Step-Turning
131. Sitting Stance Reverse Knife-Hand Low Guarding Block (Annun So Sonkaldung Najunde Daebi Makgi)
—a. Side Double Stepping Block Toward B
—b. Side Double Stepping Block Toward A
—c. Side Step-Turning
132. X-Stance Double Forearm Block (Kyocha So Doo Palmok Makgi)
—a. Forward Jumping Block
—b. Backward Jumping Block
133. L-Stance Middle Knuckle Fist Upset Punch (Niunja So Joongji Joomuk Dwijibo Jirugi)
—a. Forward Stepping Punch
—b. Forward Shift-Step-Turning
134. Parallel Stance Middle Knuckle Fist Side Vertical Punch (Narani So Joongji Joomuk Yop Sewo Jirugi)
—a. Spot Punch
135. Sitting Stance 9-Shape Block (Annun So Gutja Makgi)
—a. Side Double Stepping Block Toward B
—b. Side Double Stepping Block Toward A
136. Walking Stance Reverse Knife-Hand High Reverse Front Strike (Gunnun So Sonkaldung Nopunde Bandae Ap Taerigi)
—a. Forward Stepping Strike
—b. Forward Double Step-Turning
137. Sitting Stance Palm Scooping Block (Annun So Sonbadak Duro Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
138. Walking Stance X-Fist Downward Block (Gunnun So Kyocha Joomuk Naeryo Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
139. Sitting Stance X-Knife-Hand Front Block (Annun So Kyocha Sonkal Ap Makgi)
—a. Side Double Stepping Block Toward B
—b. Side Double Stepping Block Toward A
140. Diagonal Stance Twin Palm Rising Block (Sasun So Sang Sonbadak Chookyo Makgi)
—a. Spot Block
141. Rear Foot Stance Twin Palm Downward Block (Dwitbal So Sang Sonbadak Naeryo Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Step-Turning
142. Consecutive Kick (Yonsok Chagi)
—a. Pressing and Side Piercing Kick (Noollo Chagi wa Yopcha Jirugi)
—b. Turning and Reverse Hooking Kick (Dollyo Chagi wa Bandae Dollyo Goro Chagi)
143. Walking Stance Open Fist Punch (Gunnun So Pyun Joomuk Jirugi)
—a. Forward Stepping Punch
—b. Backward Stepping Punch
144. Flying Consecutive Punch (Twimyo Yonsok Jirugi)
—a. Front and Upset Punch
—b. Side and Vertical Punch
145. Flying Turning Kick (Twimyo Dollyo Chagi)
146. Flying Front Kick (Twimyo Ap Chagi)
147. Flying Two Direction Kick (Twimyo Sangbang Chagi)
—a. Front-Back Kick (Apdwi Chagi)
—b. Side-Twisting Kick (Yop Bituro Chagi)
148. L-Stance Forearm Reverse Downward Block (Niunja So Palmok Bandae Naeryo Makgi)
—a. Forward Stepping Block
—b. Backward Stepping Block
149. Flying Reverse Turning Kick (Twimyo Bandae Dollyo Chagi)

REFERENCE:
Choi, H. H. (1985). Encyclopedia of Taekwon-Do (Vols. 1–15). Vienna: International Taekwon-Do Federation.

Also See:
Fundamental Exercises in Taekwon-Do: An introduction
Fundamental Exercises (Part B) in Taekwon-Do: A list of 218 exercises

 

 


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