Self-Defence (Hosin Sul): Defense against a sudden attack (Dae Boori Gong Gyok): While sitting in an armchair: When sitting close
“An unexpected attack can come at any time, any place. […] An attacker will usually have the initial advantage of surprise. A well trained student of Taekwon-Do, however, who has developed an instinctive conditioned reflex should stand a fairly good chance of blocking or at least deflecting a blow.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.5. p.314)
“The defender must know how to make use of his or her opponent’s momentum and force, while utilizing his or her dynamic and reflexive actions against momentarily undefended target.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.5. p.278)
While sitting in an armchair: When sitting close
X (attacker), Y (defender). The roles of X and Y can be reversed so that both practitioners can practice all movements.
Both X and Y are sitting in front of each other on armchairs.
X: Suddenly get up and form a sitting stance, while the right fist performs an upset punch.
Y: Remain sitting, while the left knife-hand performs an outward block.
Y: Get up and form a parallel stance, while the right fist performs an upset punch.
X: Suddenly get up and form a parallel stance, while the right fist performs a low punch.
Y: Remain sitting, while with an X-knife-hand perform a front block.
Y: Get up, move the left foot forward and form a right L-stance, while the right fist performs an upward punch.
X: Suddenly get up, move the left forward and form a right L-stance, while the right fist performs a middle vertical punch.
Y: Remain sitting, while a left knife-hand performs a downward block.
Y: Remain sitting, while the right fist performs a middle punch.
X: Suddenly get up and while getting up, the right leg performs a front snap kick.
Y: Remain sitting, while a twin palm performs a front block.
Y: Move the left foot to the left, get up and form a sitting stance, while the right fist performs an upward punch.
X: Move the right foot forward, get up and form a left rear foot stance, while the right back fist performs a middle side strike.
Y: Remain sitting, while a right reverse knife-hand performs a side front block.
Y: Remain sitting, while from the side front block the right hand extends, and a right flat fingertip performs a middle thrust.
Taekwon-Do is a practical art; hence it can be learnt only from an instructor. Words, diagrams and videos can help only as a reference, and they cannot replace an instructor. Expert practical guidance from an instructor is invaluable.
“Certainly the most important asset any training hall can have is a good instructor. There is no substitute for a well-trained, intelligent, perceptive and patient instructor.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.6, p.17).
Choi, H. H. (1985). Encyclopedia of Taekwon-Do (Vols. 1–15). Vienna: International Taekwon-Do Federation.
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