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Self-Defence (Hosin Sul): Throwing and Falling Techniques (Dunjigi wa Torojigi): While Prone

How Taewkondo teaches us patience

Self-Defence (Hosin Sul): Throwing and Falling Techniques (Dunjigi wa Torojigi): While Prone

“A throwing technique in Taekwon-Do is only used when you do not wish to seriously injure an opponent, to occasionally counter an opponent’s counter-attack or if an opponent is blocked in a way that it is impossible for him to utilize any of his attacking tools. As soon as a throwing technique is used, step back to avoid a counter-attack motion.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.5. p.341)

“The emphasis in falling is naturally placed on learning to fall without getting hurt and recovering as quickly as possible. […] there are certain basic rules that must be followed:
1. Relax the body.
2. Fall to the side rather than the flat of the back. The falling should be done with a rolling motion distributing the weight on the buttocks, side and shoulder.
3. Absorb the shock by striking the ground or floor with the palm of the hand.
4. Tuck the chin into the chest to avoid the head striking the ground or floor.
5. Raise the legs.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.5. p.341)

While prone

X (attacker), Y (defender). The roles of X and Y can be reversed so that both practitioners can practice all movements.

X is standing. Y is prone (lying with the back on the ground).

Method 1

X: With the right footsword perform a stamping kick to the chest.
Y: With an X-fist block the kick.
Y: With one hand grab the toes of X’s right foot, and with the other hand grab the heel of X’s right foot.
Y: Twist X’s grabbed right foot in a clockwise direction. X will be thrown on the ground.
X: Fall with both hands on the ground, and while supporting the body with body hands perform a high side piercing kick with the left foot.
Y: Dodge to the side. Failing to dodge the bridge of nose will be attacked.

Method 2

X: In a walking stance, with the right fist perform a reverse downward punch.
Y: With an X-knife-hand perform a block.
Y: With the left hand grab X’s left leg, and with the right hand grab X’s right wrist.
Y: With the left hand push upwards X’s left leg, while with the right hand pull downwards X’s grabbed right wrist. X will fall down.
X: Hit the palm of the hand on the ground, tuck the chin and roll on the sides to absorb the shock of falling. Then quickly get up and face Y.
Y: Get up quickly and face X.

Taekwon-Do is a practical art; hence it can be learnt only from an instructor. Words, diagrams and videos can help only as a reference, and they cannot replace an instructor. Expert practical guidance from an instructor is invaluable.

“Certainly the most important asset any training hall can have is a good instructor. There is no substitute for a well-trained, intelligent, perceptive and patient instructor.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.6, p.17).


Choi, H. H. (1985). Encyclopedia of Taekwon-Do (Vols. 1–15). Vienna: International Taekwon-Do Federation.

Also see:

Self-Defence Techniques (Hosin Sul): An Introduction


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