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Self-Defence Techniques (Hosin Sul): An Introduction

Girls defence

SELF-DEFENCE TECHNIQUES (Hosin Sul): An Introduction

Self-Defence techniques are advanced techniques and meant for practical self-defense. “Certainly, these self-defense techniques can only be effective if the student takes the time to constantly train with them under realistic conditions.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.5. p.278)

“These techniques are the logical application of various motions acquired from patterns, sparring and fundamental movements to be used against a sudden attack by an armed or unarmed opponent.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.5. p.278)

“The defender must know how to make use of his or her opponent’s momentum and force, while utilizing his or her dynamic and reflexive actions against momentarily undefended target.” -Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.5. p.278)

RELEASE FROM A GRAB (Jappyosul Tae)

“Releasing is performed in three different ways: either by a direct attack to a vulnerable or vital spot, breaking the joint of the attacking hand or arm, or by a logical releasing motion which is usually accompanied by a counter attack.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.5. p.278)

——While standing
————Opponent grabs with one hand
————Opponent grabs with both hands
————When the foot is grabbed
————When finger or fingers are grabbed
————When hair of the head is grabbed
————Defense from a choke hold
————Defense from the necktie being grabbed
————Defense from rear choke hold
————When the chest is being held from behind
————When the waist is being held from the front
————When the waist is being held from behind
————When the waist is being held from the side
————When the collar is being grabbed from behind
————Defense from a full “Nelson” neck hold
————When the lapel is being grabbed from the side
————When the belt is being grabbed

——While kneeling
——While prone

THE “COME-ALONG” HOLD

This technique is “not only effective for breaking an opponent’s elbow joint and wrist but can also be used to put an opponent in an untenable position without hurting him. It is, therefore, widely used by policemen as a “come-along” hold.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.5. p.311)

——The “Come-Along” Hold

DEFENSE AGAINST A SUDDEN ATTACK (Dae Boori Gong Gyok)

“An unexpected attack can come at any time, any place. […] An attacker will usually have the initial advantage of surprise. A well trained student of Taekwon-Do, however, who has developed an instinctive conditioned reflex should stand a fairly good chance of blocking or at least deflecting a blow.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.5. p.314)

——While kneeling
——While sitting cross-legged
——While sitting on a chair
——While sitting in an armchair
————When sitting close
————When sitting far
——While lying down
——While sitting on a couch
————When sitting close
————When sitting far

THROWING AND FALLING TECHNIQUES (Dunjigi wa Torojigi)

——While standing
——While kneeling
——While prone
——While lying down

DEFENSE AGAINST AN ARMED OPPONENT (Dae Moogi)

——Defense against a Dagger (Dae Dando)
————Slashing to the head
————Slashing to the stomach
————Inward slash
————Outward slash

——Defense against a Bayonet (Dae Chong Gum)

“Initially, dodging motion should be executed at a close range to insure one is able to avoid the attack and respond instantly with a counter-attack without taking extra steps.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.5. p.368)

————Bayonet thrust to the solar plexus
————Bayonet thrust to the throat
————Butt stroke to the chest
————Butt stroke to the face
————Upper butt stroke
————Side butt stroke
————Side slash with a bayonet
————Bayonet thrust to the solar plexus

——Defense against a Club (Dae Gonbong)
————Front downward strike toward the forehead
————Inward strike toward the head
————Outward strike toward the neck
————Outward strike toward the head
————Outward strike toward the ribs

——Defense against a Pole (Dae Mongdung-I)
————Inward strike to the ribs
————Thrusting to the solar plexus
————Thrusting to the throat
————Front downward stroke toward the forehead
————Upper stroke toward the chin
————Lateral stroke toward the face
————Lateral stroke toward the legs

——Defense against a Pistol (Dae Gwon Chong)

No specific technique is mentioned. “Any sparring technique can be applied directly against a pistol, however, one must be realistic. Only at a very close range, or when the opponent is pulling the pistol from concealment, or sighting the weapon can the defense techniques illustrated on the preceding pages be used.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.5. p.385)

A feint might be used as a defensive technique against a pistol. “A deception or a feint can be perhaps a defender’s best defense but the defender must be very quick while executing the manoeuvre.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.5. p.385)

Taekwon-Do is a practical art; hence it can be learnt only from an instructor. Words, diagrams and videos can help only as a reference, and they cannot replace an instructor. Expert practical guidance from an instructor is invaluable.

“Certainly the most important asset any training hall can have is a good instructor. There is no substitute for a well-trained, intelligent, perceptive and patient instructor.” – Gen. Choi Hong Hi (Vol.6, p.17).

REFERENCE:

Choi, H. H. (1985). Encyclopedia of Taekwon-Do (Vols. 1–15). Vienna: International Taekwon-Do Federation.

 


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